Trafficking in human beings is a social problem of our time. Among the major violations of human rights in the world, today is the actual crime that has many names: “white slavery”, “human trafficking”, “trafficking in persons”. Human trafficking is a global problem that affects the lives of millions of people in almost every country of the world, and which deprives them of their human dignity. As one of the most disgusting crimes in the world, human trafficking is misleading and makes a sacrifice of women, men and children from all over the world, every day causing them to be exploited. Although the most known form of human trafficking is sexual exploitation, people are also trafficked for forced labor, as armipotence or donors for illegal transplantation of organs.
Human trafficking is a global phenomenon. It greatly affects the country in a state of political and economic transition or post-conflict stress, which basically is the country of origin for criminal proceedings universal human trafficking. This phenomenon also affects both the economically more developed countries of destination and countries of transit. People who live in difficult conditions, are attracted by opportunity to improve their life in richer and more developed countries, at the same time in the destination countries the demand for low-paid workers in irregular employment sectors, as well as legal employment sectors with low wages are increasing.
Traffickers relate to people as commodities, as things that can be exploited, something that can be traded for profit. In Europe, the majority of convicted traffickers – are male, although the proportion of women involved in this criminal activity is also quite large in comparison to their involvement in other crimes, as some criminal gangs consider women more effective weapon to lure victims, who are at the initial stage trust women more. Job recruiter or operator is also one way of enabling women victims themselves avoid that trap, that trafficking prepares them.
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Crime, as a rule, begins with the fact that traffickers offer their future victims attractive employment opportunities abroad. In many cases, the victim becomes aware of the false nature of these agreements only after its introduction in the country of destination, when her passport is taken, physical and mental abuse take place, employers force person to return money spent on paperwork, visas and tickets. Next, the dependence of the victim is increased by the scheme pre-fabricated debts, which account for the money spent brothel owner on illegal acquisition, accommodation, meals. Thus a person is in a planned debt bondage, which is constantly increasing. Added thereto flimsy fines and value of each resale to another owner. Traffickers use various methods to intimidate and control his victim – physical violence, imprisonment, as well as the various mechanisms of the psychological and financial control. Control methods include: debt bondage; confiscation of passports; insulation; threats of violence against the victims and their family members; victims of Finance control. Those victims of human trafficking, paying a terrible price – the physical and psychological trauma, disease, loss of relationships with family and loved ones, emotional trauma, drug addiction, AIDS.
The term “human trafficking” evolved over the centuries and transformed in light of changing eras, development and humanization of society and the revision of the existing moral canons. The phenomenon of buying and selling people can not claim to be a new phenomenon for mankind, but today it is called sometimes like that. The problem of human trafficking has deep historical and ethno-national roots. At different stages of development of mankind attitudes towards human trafficking was quite liberal. Later, the human community realized the impossibility of existing this form of using a person that discriminated and humiliated dignity. There was a perennial struggle with this disgraceful phenomenon that does not stop till this day.
Human being usually has an absolute control over others especially when it comes to issues regarding slavery for a long time. Human trafficking is one of such illegal activities where man controls others. This form of trafficking usually manifests in the form of sex trafficking, trafficking for labor reasons as well as organ trafficking. People have been prone to human trafficking due to poverty and their low social status in the society while others appreciate such trade due to financial gain. The most vulnerable victims of human trafficking include women and children who are reduced to sexual commodities. In most cases, the participants in such industry include corrupt officials, rich investors, and tycoons among others. The beneficiaries of human trafficking exploit the broken society of the victims and lure them with lucrative and false promises, and in the end, these people are physically and sexually abused to obtain their submission. In worse situations, the cops who take care of citizens’ security conspire with the traffickers for money or sexual favors in return while the victims are unable to get justice. Sometimes parents participate in such trade to repay debts or for school fees. Therefore, human trafficking should be abandoned.
Human trafficking should be stopped since it leads to sexual exploitation. Even though there are numerous reasons for human trafficking, sexual exploitation leads the pack. Most women and children have fallen victims of sexual molestation, abuse, and torture due to human trafficking. The trafficking happens due to increase in unemployment, political instability, armed conflicts and social discrimination in the society. This activity is especially exhibited in regions such as Asia, Africa and parts of Europe such as Russia, Romania, Ukraine and Moldova among others. Therefore, it should be prohibited in these areas.
Secondly, human trafficking should be banned since the activity is conducted against the victims’ will. In most cases, human victims are misled or lured into human trafficking with false promises hence they usually have a hope of living better lives as well as getting well-paying jobs. In most cases, women and young girls fall victims of such false information whom in turn get involved in hard labor and are sexually exploited. Besides, these women and girls are paid minimal wages in their home countries. Therefore, they are highly vulnerable to such false information hence fall victims of human trafficking. Thus, the activity is currently a major problem that should be eradicated.
Human trafficking leads to psychological manipulation of the victims. It is evident that victims of human trafficking undergo psychological manipulation at the hands of the oppressors and traffickers. The victims are tortured beside being afraid of being killed or arrested. To elaborate on the point, most of these victims live in foreign countries hence the oppressors hide their visas as soon as they reach their destinations. Furthermore, some do not possess documents and are aware that they have violated the rules regarding immigration. Therefore, they typically suffer mental problems as they seek refuge from the oppressors.
In conclusion, human trafficking is a crime that has become profitable in the current society. However, the victims suffer most due to numerous exploitations that they undergo. Therefore, the governments and international communities should tackle the problem through the enactment of treaties and laws prohibiting the trend as well as illegalizing prostitution. On the same note, the potential victims should be aware of human trafficking besides being cautious especially on the dangers of traveling to other countries These measures can substantially mitigate the problem if.