Trees are our Friends
Nature has provided us with a lot of green vegetation. We seldom realize the importance of trees in our day-to-day life. We cannot exist without trees.
There are-many kinds of trees. Different kinds of trees grow in different countries and climates. In cold countries, trees like oak, birch, beech, elm, chestnut, fir and fruit trees like apple, pear and plum are found. In a hot country like India, the mango, the neem, the cotton tree, the banyan and hundreds of other trees are found. Rosewood, ebony and mahagony are some of the trees grown in tropical rain forests of India. Teak is the most common type of tree found in the monsoon forests of India. Coniferous trees like pine and cedar, trees of the Alpine variety like silver-fir, birch and juniper are found in the Himalayan regions.
The uses of trees to men are many. The timber trees supply men with wood for various purposes. The wood of oak, teak and mahagony are hard and are used for making beautiful furniture. The wood pulp for making paper is got from soft wood trees. Trees provide us with different kinds of fruits. The chief fruits of the cold countries are apples, pears and plums and cherries. The fruit trees abundant in the warm countries are orange, lemon, mango and peach. Some other trees are famous for their beautiful flowers having sweet smell.
The climate of a region largely depends upon the trees. By cooling the air, they attract rain. Rainfall is heavy in the forests of the valleys. So a country with plenty of trees and forests gets plenty of rain and a treeless country is often a desert. Thus trees help in the economic growth of a country and also serve to maintain the ecological balance. Trees also stop soil erosion. Cutting down trees will result in soil erosion, flood and drought. Thousands of birds and animals depend on the trees for food, shelter and shade. Trees add to the natural beauty of a place. A land without trees is bare and a country covered with trees is always beautiful.
Trees are of great importance to modern man. So trees have to be protected and preserved. They are our friends. So it is our sacred duty to protect these benefactors of man.
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Of all the living beings inhabiting this earth, trees are out best friends. Mother Nature,in her infinite wisdom, has gifted them to man to live in harmony with him and to be of greatservice to him.Besides fruits, trees provide important raw materials for our industries. Industries provide employment to people. The wood for furniture, housing, railway carriages and shipscome from trees. Wood is also used for fuel and for making charcoal which is used as fuel.From trees we get wood – pulp to make paper and artificial yarns (like nylon). Trees also giveus products such as spices, rubber, turpentine, eucalyptus oil and gum. We also get honey andmany valuable things for medicine from forests.We get so many things from forests that forests are rightly known as ‘ green gold’Trees provide shade to tired travellers and animals and shelter to innumerable birds andinsects.
Trees keep the environment clean. They absorb harmful carbon dioxide from the air and fill the atmosphere with precious life – sustaining oxygen. In this way they reduce air pollution. Therefore, trees are called the lungs of nature. Forests retain humidity and attractrains. There will be no rain if there are no trees. It is for this reason that trees are known asrain catchers.In fact, all our basic necessities like, air, water, food, clothing and shelter comedirectly or indirectly from trees. We thus, owe our very existence to trees.If there were no trees, there would be no rain and land would turn into an arid desert.Mankind would perish for want of food, drinking water, fresh air and sufficient humidity. Sowe should ever remain grateful to trees.