Do Material Possessions Bring Happiness Essays

Money DOESN'T buy happiness: How friends and family - not flashy possessions - bring true contentment

  • Scientists analysed articles in newspapers, looking at which words occurred most often in articles that also included the word 'happiness'
  • Researchers found words like 'iPhone', 'millions' and 'Google', almost never appear with the word 'happiness'
  • Instead terms such as 'grandmother' and pronouns such as 'you', 'me' and  appeared most often in the same articles as the word 'happiness'

By Daily Mail Reporter

Published: 12:30 GMT, 8 October 2013 | Updated: 15:22 GMT, 8 October 2013

True happiness lies in rewarding relationships, not material wealth, according to new research.

Scientists have said that a close circle of friends and family is most important for happiness, and that material possessions including iPhones, computers, being wealthy and owning a sports car do not provide the same level of contentment.

The study by psychologists at the Sahlgrenska Academy and Lund University, in Sweden, suggests that our collective picture of what makes us happy is more about relationships and less about possessions.

Priceless: Scientists say a close circle of friends and family is most important for happiness, but not material objects such as iPhones, being wealthy and owning a sports car

Experts analysed articles in Swedish newspapers published in 2010 and logged which words most often occurred in the same articles as the Swedish word for happiness. In this way, they have claimed, they can pinpoint our collective happiness.

Co-author Dr Danilo Garcia, a researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy's Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, said: 'It's relationships that are most important, not material things, and this is in line with other findings in happiness research.'

Researchers found that words including 'iPhone' almost never appear with the word 'happiness'

The study, that looked at more than 1.5 million words, showed that terms such as 'grandmother' and personal pronouns such as 'you', 'me', 'us', and 'them' often appear in the same article as the Swedish word for happiness. 

Researchers found that words such as 'iPhone', 'millions' and 'Google', almost never appear with the word 'happiness'.

Dr Garcia said: 'This doesn't mean that material things make you unhappy, just that they don't seem to come up in the same context as the word for happiness.'

The study is a part of a larger research project on how people describe both positive and negative events in their lives.

The researchers believe that the word analysis reflects a collective perception among the members of our society as to what should make us happy.

Dr Garcia said: 'Just as the Beatles sang, most people understand that money can't buy you happiness or love.

'But even if we as individuals can understand the importance of close and warm relationships on a social level, it isn't certain that everyone is aware that such relationships are actually necessary for our own personal happiness.'

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Reaching financial independence is the ultimate goal for many of us, almost every personal finance blogger I follow state that their goal is reaching financial freedom. The general assumption is that with more money comes more happiness; some say money does not necessarily buy happiness but it can make things a lot easier. We don’t hear many people argue that money will bring unhappiness, what if I said it does? I am a strong believer that real happiness has zero correlation with money, sometimes money and happiness even have a negative correlation (more money = less happiness). I have stated earlier that money should just be a means to an end and nothing more. Let’s look at some reasons why money does NOT bring happiness.

More Money = More Stress

Always Want More [Greed]
You may believe that once you reach a certain financial target you will be happy and not want more. For example, you may believe that if you made $100,000/year you will be happy and want no more, but the fact is that nothing is ever enough for us as human beings. If you make $100,000/year why not try a little harder and make $150,000/year and buy the bigger house and a new luxury car? We always want more and herein lies our weakness and the source of our unhappiness.

Relativism
It’s not that having a lot of money is important; psychology studies have shown that we do not mind lower income as long as we make more than others. Our happiness is based on keeping up with the Joneses and their happiness is based on keeping up with us, hence it’s a cycle in which nobody will ever reach true happiness.

Less Time To Enjoy Life
The primary reason for reaching financial independence is so that we have more time to do the things we love and enjoy life. However studies after studies have shown that the more people make the less time they spend enjoying their life. With more money come more responsibilities and more stress (isn’t that counter-productive?), now put this together with the previous two points and you have the perfect receipt for unhappiness.

Money Makes Us Unhappy
At this point it should be clear that money has little or no chance of making one happy, but that’s not all. A study by Berkeley actually shows that money brings unhappiness. “In a capitalistic society, people generally believe that – all other things being equal – being rich is better,” Chatman states. “But that is not what we found.” Although the study compares differences between individuals depending upon work values, one can draw inferences to the general population.

Money’s Effect On Happiness Overrated
There is also research showing that money’s effect on happiness is overrated, Princeton Researcher and the 2002 Nobel Prize Winner Kahneman, PhD, says that money does not bring happiness. Kahneman says that people overrate the joy-bringing effect of money, he says:

  • Increases in income has a relatively brief effect on life satisfaction.
  • Psychological studies show that the wealthier people are, the more intense negative emotions they experience. These studies do not link wealth with greater experienced happiness.
  • When countries experience a sudden increase in income, there is not a corresponding increase in citizens’ sense of well-being.

If you truly want to be happy than your happiness should neverbe based on external or material things. True happiness comes from within; a poor man living in the mountains of Afghanistan is often happier than a Wall Street CEO living in a NYC Penthouse.

How much of your happiness depends on money? Is your goal reaching financial freedom so that you can have more time with family and not worry about money…? Does money bring happiness directly or indirectly?

References:
Kahneman, D. Science, June 30, 2006; vol 312: pp 1908-1910. News release, Princeton University.

Solnick, S.J., & Hemenway, D.(1998). Is more always better? A survey on positional concerns. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 37, 373-383.

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